Skin cancer is an unexpected growth of skin cells in areas that are exposed to the sun. It has the involvement of two types of cells: the Keratinocyte and the Melanoma. This type of cancer normally develops on your head and neck as they are exposed to the sun. The Keratinocyte carcinoma may grow and spread more if not dealt with proper care but is less fatal. Melanoma cancer develops from melanocyte cells that give color to the skin. They are in the mole form and develop on any part of the body. SunDoctors Australia at skin cancer clinic Melbourne offers excellent treatment for all kinds of skin cancers. The Melanocyte cells grow on the back and chest in men and on the legs in women. They may spread to other parts if not identified and treated on time.
Kinds Of Skin Cancers
Two kinds of Melanoma and Keratinocyte Carcinoma cells are mainly found, there are a lot of skin lumps that fall in the cancer of the skin range and are not cancerous.
- Actinic Keratosis:- Pink and red spots that are not cancerous, when not treated they turn into carcinoma squamous cells, a type first stage.
- Basal Cell:- These are slow-growing masses appearing on your head and neck leading to 90% chances of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is a common type of skin cancer.
- Squamous Cell:- This skin cancer is more dangerous than basal cell cancer. It is seen on the epidermis (out layer) in red scaly form.
- Melanoma:- This type of cancer is fatal and forms in the skin cells that give color to your skin. It is very dangerous as it causes a large number of deaths every year.
Symptoms:- If you want to check skin cancer check it yourself using the ABCDE rule:-
- Asymmetry:- A birthmark or mole differs from the other.
- Border:- Uneven, ragged, or blurred edges of the mole.
- Colour:- The growth has colors like, blue, black, pink, white, or red.
- Diameter:- The spot size is ¼ inch and has an even diameter.
- Evolving:- The mole/lesion is growing in shape and size.
How to Diagnose
A doctor’s appointment becomes necessary when you see some changes in the spots and growth on the skin. He can then refer to a specialist for further examination. After a checkup of the affected area, he can check the scaling and bleeding of unwanted growth. He may even advise a biopsy if you are doubtful of cancer of the skin. A small portion will be taken from the suspected area through a safe and simple biopsy procedure and will be sent to a lab for testing cancer. When you are diagnosed with the disease, a few more tests to know about the progress of skin cancer will be suggested by the specialist. Keeping in mind the stage of skin cancer and its type, a full proof treatment will be given to fight the disease.
A lot of skin cancers are preventable. If you want to avoid skin cancer, keep away from the midday sun, use sunscreen to turn down the effect of radiation of UV rays, put on protective clothing, and use sunglasses, and. And always take advice from a registered, licensed doctor in case you see some symptoms that are not normal for your skin.